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Title: Incorporating Islamic Leadership Key Behaviors in Moderating The Association of Workplace Culture and Discrimination Against Women at Workplace
Authors: Siti Aishah Binti Hussin
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Publisher: Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Abstract: An increasing number of women are preparing themselves for managerial and professional careers. However, women’s careers progresses are still slower and underrepresented in many organizations. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of workplace culture and the moderating role of Islamic leadership key behaviors toward discrimination against women at workplace. In this research, women discrimination is measured from three dimensions of working stages, namely at the moment of hiring, on-the-job and during the promotion or evaluation. Meanwhile, workplace culture has four variables, which includes coworker support, supervisor support, employer work-family support and advancement opportunities. Furthermore, Islamic leadership key behaviors consist of 25 themes is measured as the moderator in this study. The data in this research were collected by using a survey approach. A set of questionnaire consisting of 104 items to measure women discrimination, workplace culture and Islamic leadership key behaviors were distributed to the selected sample. 46 percent or 350 sets of questionnaires out of 768 sets were collected from women employees in 13 Malaysia Government-Linked companies. The data was analyzed using SPSS 23 and SEM on AMOS 23 version. The overall findings show that workplace culture has significant influence on women discrimination and Islamic leadership key behaviors acts as a significant moderator to the association. Specifically, four variables of workplace culture or coworker support, supervisor support, employer work-family support and advancement opportunities have significantly influenced women discrimination at R-squared value of 0.1098, 0.2367, 0.0989 and 0.1497, consecutively. The overall variance found for workplace culture is 0.5951, with supervisor support as the most influenced variable. Islamic leadership key behaviors were found to have a full moderating influence on the association of workplace culture and women discrimination. These findings extend previous theories and researches in explaining the influence of Islamic leadership key behaviors as the moderator that improve the effect of workplace culture variables to reduce women discrimination at workplace. The findings are useful to be applied by organizations to overcome the problems of women discrimination at workplace.
Appears in Collections:Ph.D

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