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Title: The Farewell Address Of Prophet Muhammad: A Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
Authors: Yusuf Abdul Azeez
Abdullahi Saliu Ishola
Keywords: Farewell address
Human rights
United Nations universal declaration on human rights
Islamic law
Prophet Muhammad
Issue Date: Dec-2018
Publisher: Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Abstract: A critical examination at the farewell address of Prophet Muhammad during his pilgrimage in the 7th century reveals that the pronouncements made therein pass messages on conducts that cuts across various sectors of human values and attitudinal characters. Though, the address was delivered hundreds of years before the United Nations Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, it is, however, acknowledged as a significant and laudable human rights codes ever bequeathed to mankind, in of the fact that the majority of issues on human rights that are now universally celebrated and jealously guided, such as rights to life, property, dignity, freedom from discrimination, rights of the women, to mention but a few, were all taken from his address. Thus, the address deserves a special examination to appreciate the thought provoking rubric issues raised by the Prophet as they were found to inure to the advancement of human rights, especially, in the contemporary era. To this end, this paper examines the various human rights issues that were raised in the address with the aim to comparing it with the modern human rights declarations. The conclusion drawn from the study is that, without an in-depth understanding of the messages of this farewell address, a study of human rights in International law cannot be said to have been completed. Also, any modern study on the historical foundation and development of human rights declaration will be missing a significant landmark period without objective consideration and reference to this historic farewell address.
Description: Malaysian Journal of Syariah and Law (MJSL) MJSL - Volume 8, No.2, December 2018
Appears in Collections:MJSL, Vol. 8, No.2, Disember 2018

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