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Title: A novel optical ammonia sensor based on reflectance measurements for highly polluted and coloured water
Authors: Tan Ling, Ling,
Musa, Ahmad,
Lee Yook, Heng,
Keywords: Reflectometric
Immobilised cobalt(II) ion
Dowex HCR-W2
Hexamminecobaltate(II) complex
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Science Sa
Abstract: One of the major problems in the analysis of ammonia (NH3) using spectrophotometric method is highly coloured water sample. A reflectometric NH3 sensor based on a facile single-step immobilisation of cobalt(II) (Co2+) ion onto high capacity Dowex HCR-W2 microspheres has been developed to enable the direct NH3 determination in highly coloured water samples. The combination of Co2+ ion-immobilised microspheres via cation exchange chemical reaction and reflectometric technique has improved the optode sensing performance with respect to linear response range and response time. Immobilised Co2+ ion, when complexed with NH3 gave a blue colouration of hexamminecobaltate(II) ([Co(NH3)(6)](2+)) complex at pH 13. The NH3 sensor reached maximum colour intensity in similar to 6 min at ambient conditions. The linear calibration curve was 60-290 mM NH3 with a detection limit of 16 mM NH3, which is suitable for direct determination of NH3-enriched leachate water samples. A good reproducibility between 5.4 and 5.9% relative standard deviation (RSD) was obtained with the probe and the sensing performance can be regenerated using buffer pH 1. The effect of potential interference ions has been investigated during the quantification of NH3 in heavily polluted sewage water. The results obtained were in good agreement with those produced by acidimetric reference method. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0925-4005
Appears in Collections:Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical

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