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Title: Solid-phase microextraction for determining twelve orange flavour compounds in a model beverage emulsion
Authors: Hamed, Mirhosseini,
Chin Ping, Tan,
Salmah, Yusof,
Nazimah, Sheikh Abdul Hamid,
Keywords: Solid-Phase Microextraction
Headspace Analysis
Orange Beverage Emulsion
Fractional Factorial Design
Central Composite Design
Extraction Efficiency
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Abstract: Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to gas chromatography has been applied for the headspace analysis (HS) of 12 target flavour compounds in a model orange beverage emulsion. The main volatile flavour compounds studied were: acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, alpha-pinene, ethyl butyrate, beta-pinene, myrcene, limonene, gamma-terpinene, octanal, decanal, linalool and citral (neral plus geranial). After screening the fibre type, the effect of other HS-SPME variables such as adsorption temperature (25-55 degrees C), extraction time (10-40 min), sample concentration (1-100% w/w), sample amount (5-10 g) and salt amount (0-30% w/w) were determined using a two-level fractional factorial design (2(5-2)) that was expanded further to a central composite design. It was found that an extraction process using a carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane fibre coating at 15 degrees C for 50 min with 5 g of diluted emulsion 1% (w/w) and 30% (w/w) of sodium chloride under stirring mode resulted in the highest HS extraction efficiency. For all volatile flavour compounds, the linearity values were accurate in the concentration ranges studied (r(2) > 0.97). Average recoveries that ranged from 90.3 to 124.8% showed a good accuracy for the optimised method. The relative standard deviation for six replicates of all volatile flavour compounds was found to be less than 15%. For all volatile flavour compounds, the limit of detection ranged from 0.20 to 1.69 mg/L. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 0958-0344
Appears in Collections:Phytochemical Analysis

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