Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ddms.usim.edu.my:80/jspui/handle/123456789/8312
Title: Modeling and Optimization of Lipozyme RM IM-Catalyzed Esterification of Medium- and Long-Chain Triacyglycerols (MLCT) Using Response Surface Methodology
Authors: Kamariah, Long,
Norlelawati, Arifin,
Koh, Soo-Peng,
Oi-Ming, Lai
Chin-Ping, Tan
Mohd Suria Affandi, Yusoff,
Keywords: MLCT Yield
Residual FFA
Esterification
Medium- And Long-Chain Triacyglycerols (MLCT)
Medium- And Long-Chain Triacyglycerols (MLCT)
Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
Reaction Time
Enzyme Load
Fatty Acids/Glycerol Molar Ratio
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Optimization conditions of Lipozyme RM IM lipase esterification of capric and stearic acids with glycerol for the production of medium- and long-chain triacyglycerols (MLCT) fat suitable for food applications such as margarine and shortening were investigated. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to model and optimize the reaction conditions, namely, the reaction time (8-24 h), enzyme load (5-15 wt.%), and fatty acids/glycerol ratio (3:1-4:1) and represented by Ti, En, and Sb, respectively. Best-fitting models were successfully established for both MLCT yield (R (2) = 0.9507) and residual FFA (R (2) = 0.9315) established by multiple regressions with backward elimination. Optimal reaction conditions were 13.6-14.0 h for reaction time, 7.9-8.0 wt.% for enzyme load, and 3:1 for fatty acids/glycerol molar ratio. Chi-square test showed that there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences between the observed and predicted values of both models. Refined MLCT fat blend had sufficient solid fat at room temperature and made it suitable to use as a hard stock in shortening and margarine production.
ISSN: 1935-5130
Appears in Collections:Food and Bioprocess Technology

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